octubre 2019
« Sep    


♣  Can you feel the pain?
aches & pains.
•→PAIN collocations

•→Physically painful ⇐[MacMillan Dictionary]

¤  English words and phrases connected with injury.

Boil = infected swelling with liquid inside it:

«You’ll need to go to the doctor to have that boil lanced.» (lance – puncture and clean)

Lump = swelling: «I have a strange lump on my arm. I wonder what caused it.»

Rash = allergic reaction which makes your skin go red:

«When she used the soap her skin came out in a rash.»

Scab = dry skin that forms over a cut: «Don’t pick at your scab – you might make it bleed.»

Spot = red mark on the skin (much smaller than a boil):

«When he was a teenager he had a lot of spots.»

Swelling = an irritation or infection that makes the skin rise:

«After the wasp stung her, she had a swelling on her leg for days.»


•  These words can be used as nouns and verbs

Bruise = when the skin goes blue and yellow:

«She fell down the stairs and bruised her arm.»
«He has a bruise just under his eye.»

Bump = when you hit yourself and get a slight swelling:

«Ow! I bumped my head on the desk!»
«It’s only a little bump – nothing serious.»

Cut = when something sharp breaks your skin and you bleed: «He cut himself badly on the bread knife.»
«Fortunately, nobody was seriously injured in the accident. There were only a few cuts and bruises.»
«She got a nasty cut on her hand while she was diving.»

Gash = deep cut: «He gashed his hand badly on a piece of broken glass.»
«That’s a nasty gash. You might need stitches.»

Graze = slight cut – not enough to bleed much: «When she was little, she was always grazing her knee.»
«I got a small graze on my hand when I fell onto some gravel.»

Itch = when a part of your body makes you want to scratch it:

«My eyes are itching – this atmosphere is too smoky for me.»
«I’ve got a terrible itch where the mosquito bit me. »

Scratch = like a graze, but more painful:

«The cat scratched me – it stings a little.»
«He was picking berries and got a couple of scratches from the thorns.»

Sprain = twist a part of your body:

«She sprained her ankle when she slipped on the ice.»
«My ankle looks swollen, but it’s only a minor sprain

⇓  Talking about Accidents

•→ ‘Injure’/’wound’/’hurt’/’harm’/’damage’  as verbs/adjectives/nouns 
          ∇  That’s Too Bad!  Injuries & Sympathy ⇓


¤  The verb ‘CRY’ ←has→ two meanings:

1   shed tears, snivel, sob, wail, weep, whimper, whine, moan . . .

•→vocabulary: ways of crying⇐

•→’CRY’_’WEEP’_’TEARS’_’SOB’… ⇐[collocations]

2  call out, holler, scream, shout, shriek,  yell . . .

⇓  To say something in a loud voice ⇐[Thesaurus]
  • call: speak in a loud clear voice, shout, cry._’They called for help.’
  • shout: speak in a loud voice, in anger or to get attention._’He had to shout because the music was too loud.’
  • whoop: shout loudly and happily._’The children whooped when we entered the fair.’
  • cry (out): make a sharp noise, in pain or surprise._’She cried out in terror when the old man appeared suddenly.’
  • yell: cry out loudly, in fear, pain or excitement._’She yelled in terror when she saw the dead cat.’
  • scream: cry out very loudly on a high note, in fear, pain, anger or laughter._’The baby was screaming the whole day.’
  • shriek: scream._’The men shrieked with laughter.’
  • bellow: shout in a deep voice._’The captain bellowed orders at the crew.’
  • squeak: speak in a high-pitched voice._’She squeaked out a few words nervously.’
  • squeal: speak in a high-pitched voice, with longer and louder sounds than in a squeak._‘Let me go!’ she squealed.
  • chirp / chirrup (GB): speak in a happy high voice._‘All finished!’ she chirped.
  • cheer: shout because of happiness._’The public cheered when the team appeared.’
  • bark (out): say something quickly in a loud voice._‘What do you want?’ the shop assistant barked.
  • [http://www.saberingles.com.ar/ways/03.html]
•→ Offering  CONSOLATION ⇔  [quiz←]

A tricky job… Even if you avoid seeming unsympathetic, it’s so easy to sound condescending or patronising


«· · ·  emotion»  ⇓  [collocations]

If something causes emotions, we say it evokes, arouses, stirs, or triggers emotions.

Some people like to display, express, or show emotion – whereas others try to hide, repress, or suppress their emotions. Emotions that are suppressed can be called pent-up emotions.

If you feel two different or opposite emotions, then you have conflicting emotions or mixed emotions (we often say «mixed feelings»). And if you experience various emotions one after another, we can call this a roller coaster of emotions.

Very strong emotion is sometimes called raw emotion or intense emotion. If the emotions are so strong that it’s difficult for you to think or speak, then we say you are overwhelmed or overcome with emotion.

*            *            *

¤  ‘Whew!’ ←  Expressing Relief  ⇓


When we solve a problem, we feel relief:  lessening or ending of pain and worry. We often feel relieved when we escape from a dangerous or unpleasant situation.   

    –   What a relief!
    –   That’s a relief!
    –   I’m very relieved to hear that.
    –   I’m glad everything’s running well. 
    –   Thank God/goodness for that.
    –   Thank heavens.
    –   Oh, good!
    –   It’s a good job/thing . . .  

«It’s a good job  I didn’t go to that party. I heard it was busted.»

    –   Gee, it was a close shave!   [i.e.:  a narrow escape]  –  (Americans prefer ‘a close call’)

med 8  Idiomatic Phrases related to Health  ⇑  [by Ceema]

←Medicine (pictionary)    /     •→Medical jargon

•→24 phrases for describing your health problems & symptoms

• Health Proverbs … →[01]← / →[02]←

↑  At the doctor’s  ↓

1 comentario sobre Ouch!

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