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Sports

Sports

•  Vocabulary … [01] ⇔ [02] ⇔ [vid] ⇔ [vidquiz]⇐  

•→Body movements←       

               A-K ⇐… Sports illustrated …⇒ L-Z 

    •  Quizzes:  →[01]← / →[02]←

Guessing Game⇐[pairwork sports worksheet] 

adventure
¤  Extreme sports⇐ 

X_GamesSports classified as extreme are always changing. People who enjoy these sports (usually young and fearless!) tend to consider themselves part of a subculture, and they might refer to them simply as “action sports”.

The X-Games are the Olympics of extreme sports! They are held twice a year in the summer and winter: the best athletes from around the world are invited to compete and try to outdo each other with the biggest, highest, fastest, most difficult tricks. A trick is a stunt, an action like a jump, a flip, or a spin. Competitors are give a score for their tricks by a panel of judges. They compete to win medals (gold, silver, and bronze), AND a lot of money! They also try to impress the fans with never-before-seen tricks. 

do-go-playjpg

• ‘ PLAY’ – ‘DO’ – ‘GO’  [collocations] … Quizzes ⇒[01] ⇔ [02]

A typical mistake Spaniards make is using the verb practise for sports:
*I love practising sport.  This should be: I love sport.
*I usually practise sport every evening.  This should be: I usually do sport every evening.
>
In American English you can use the verb ‘practise’ or ‘practice’ (as it is spelt there) to mean “to train”:
The team is practicing for tomorrow’s competition.
When other words related to sports are used, we may use other verbs:
“What sports do you do?” “I play tennis”.
downhill-skiing karate Man Playing Tennis Clipart
Go skiing Do karate Play tennis

There are three verbs that collocate with sports and other free time activities: godo and play, but they are not interchangeable:

  • Go is used with activities and sports that end in -ing. The verb go here implies that we go somewhere to practice this sport: go swimming.
  • Do is used with recreational activities and with individual, non-team sports or sports in which a ball is not used, like martial arts, for example: do a crossword puzzle, do athletics, do karate.
  • Play is generally used with team sports and those sports that need a ball or similar object (puck, disc, shuttlecock…). Also, those activities in which two people or teams compete against each other: play football, play poker, play chess.
Go Do Play
riding aerobics badminton
jogging gymnastics table-tennis
hitch-hiking taekwondo football
fishing judo basketball
sailing karate chess
windsurfing kung-fu cricket
skiing ballet board games
snowboarding excercise snooker
swimming yoga hockey
dancing athletics baseball
skating archery rugby
cycling a crossword puzzle volleyball
running tai chi squash

NOTICE:  We use ‘do’ in informal English to talk about activities that take a certain time, or are repeated (like jobs and hobbies). In the same way we ‘do’ collocates with dohousehold chores (‘do the cleaning/washing-up /shopping…’) we can use ‘do’ with most -ing forms; only, we replace the definite article with other quantifiers:

I haven’t done any skiing this year.
I don’t do much drawing in my job.
I did a lot of swimming last summer.
I hardly ever do any handwriting.
I want to do some bird-watching this weekend.

•→ Idioms  [Sports – Games – Athletics] ⇐

Φ  ‘Punching Bag’   [a 2012 tune by Josh Turner]  ⇓

p_bag
mor_ex•  Glossaries . . .

SKIING ⇔ CYCLING ⇔ CLIMBING

•  Hiking & Trekking  . . . 

[01] ⇔ [02] ⇔ [03]⇐

•  Pictionary: ⇒camping⇐

giacometti

   WALK_DON’T RUN … 

stagger

⇒[01]⇐ / ⇒[02]⇐ /   ⇒[03]⇐ / ⇒[04]⇐  / ⇒[05]⇐  

  Ways of walking ⇒

♣ Mind your step!

[quiz 01] ⇔ [quiz 02] ⇔ [quiz 03]

stretch
¤  Swimming  ⇓

•→ Swimming idioms + exercises

 The swimming song by Earl Scruggs  ↓ [animated run & walk cycles]

This summer I went swimming – This summer I might have drowned

But I held my breath, I kicked my feet – Moved my arms around – I moved my arms around

This summer I swam in the ocean and I swam in a swimming pool

Salt my wounds, chlorined my eyes I’m a self-destructive fool – Self-destructive fool

This summer I did the back stroke and you know that that’s not all

I did the breast stroke, the butterfly and the old Australian crawl – The old Australian crawl

This summer I swam in a public place and a reservoir to boot

At the latter I was informal, at the former I wore my suit – I wore my swimming suit

Oh, this summer I did swan dives and jack-knives for you all

And once when you weren’t looking I did a cannon-ball – I did a cannon-ball

This summer I went swimming – This summer I might have drowned

But I held my breath, I kicked my feet and moved my arms around – I moved my arms around

olympics

¤  Olympics _ London, 2012
usain_b

 ¶  “You Can’t Have It _. . . And that is that_”

I still can’t believe it – they didn’t let Usain Bolt keep the relay as a souvenir just after winning his umpteenth medal at 2012 London Olympics and breaking the world record for the 400m relay! I mean, he did earn the yellow dildo, didn’t he?

Besides mean and miserable, the gesture suggests a very un-British short-sighted view on business: a worthless gadget is offered the chance of multiplying its value by millions, and somebody simply says ‘no’.

You’re making History, Mr Bolt; the British gesture, we´ll forget.

¤  Olympics _ Munich, 1972

The 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, the first in Germany since the 1936 Games in Nazi Berlin, are today remembered primarily for its “Munich Massacre.” Black September, a Palestinian terrorist organization, took eleven athletes and coaches from the Israeli team (along with a West German police officer) hostage, all of whom were eventually murdered, most during an unsuccessful rescue attempt. 

Visions of Eight (1973) is an excellent record of the 1972 Munich Olympics, a collage imaginatively recording the event from varied perspectives, each with a different focus. Acclaimed filmmakers from around the world – Milos FormanYuri OzerovMai ZetterlingArthur PennMichael PflegharKon IchikawaClaude Lelouch and John Schlesinger.– each contribute a segment averaging about 10 minutes in length. For instance, Forman focused on the comic aspect of the games; Lelouch kept his sights on the losers rather than the winners; and Mai Zetterling examined obsession in the form of weightlifting. The movie does not attempt to comprehensively document the ’72 Olympics and does not aim for a unified vision. Instead, it showcases the talents of these directors under the inspiration of this most dramatic of gatherings.

•→ Tokyo Olympiad ⇐[Kon Ichikawa _1965]
•→ Olympia ⇐[Leni Riefenstahl_1938]

 Jesse Owens won four gold medals  .  .  .

 “Hitler didn’t snub me – it was FDR who snubbed me. The president didn’t even send me a telegram.”

¶   “The Armchair Sportsman”  ⇓  [anonymous poem]

I do not know the baseball game, I would not know a strike;

The infield and the outfield, both to me are quite alike.

I have heard of football players lining up upon the field;

Of their stopping, charging, rushing, till the weaker had to yield.

Then there’s hockey, running, rowing, basket ball, and tennis, too;

And many other games and sports, but with them I’ve naught to do.

rp 

I work from early morn till night, I have had no time to play;

But still I live in hope that I may play them all some day.

Yet if, alas! I cannot play, there’s one thing I can do

That gives me pleasure without end and always something new.

In the odd moments of the day I find some time to read,

And sporting tales of every kind supply my greatest need.

I am not of athletic build. I do not know a game;

But I experience all the joys and feel the thrills the same.

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