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The weather & the environment

• Vocabulary . . . →[01]← / →[02]←  / →[03]←     //    ⇒[quiz]⇐

Picture dictionaries . . .  ⇒[01] ⇔ [02]⇐ 

•→  The weather: an everyday topic  [advanced]
¤  Patterns & structures  ↓  «What’s the weather like?»

When we talk about the weather, at a very basic level, we can follow any of these patterns:

•  It is + adjective (very changeable / wet / cold / cloudy / windy…)

•  We use the Present Progressive, It is + -ING, when we want to describe what the weather is like right now:

– It is freezing / snowing / drizzling / clearing upWeather

•  If we want to make a general statement (what the weather is usually like), we use a verb in the Present Simple plus an adverb of frequency:

– It rains / snows / hails … quite often.

•  We can also use the formula «THERE IS/ARE..» followed by a noun:

There is a lot of  slush / hail / fog …
There are often  floods / droughts / storms…

•  Another form we can use with nouns (often referring to a recent trend) is «We HAD…»:

We had thunder and lightning last night.

⊕  And remember! Come rain or come shine, it’s always a great opportunity for you to practice exclamations:

– How chilly / hot!

– What a nice / gloomy  day!

– What  lovely / miserable  weather!

•  Predicting the weather:

We can make predictions about the weather, using a range of forms – not just the «will» or «going to» form:

«I think it’ll clear up later.»  /  «It’s going to rain by the looks of it.»

«We‘re in for frost tonight.»

«They‘re expecting snow in the north.»

«I hear that showers are coming our way

  ⇓  10 weather expressions with Emma [vid + quiz]⇐

•  More idioms . . . →[01]← / →[02]← / →[03]←   //   ⇒[quiz]

♦  Rachel’s English  ⇓  It’s Hot! [Idioms & Expressions]

In this American English pronunciation video, I’m going to complain about how hot it is in New York. Summer in New York is great for things like grilling. But it’s also known for being hot, hot, hot. Sometimes entirely too hot. We’ve had lots of days this month, July, that were very hot. Over ninety. Not surprising. So, I’m going to teach you some idioms and some creative ways to say it’s really hot!!

Hot as Hades, or hot as hell. Now, be careful when using hell, it is a mild cuss word, but it is considered a cuss word. So you don’t want to say it in front of people that might be offended. The T in ‘hot’ comes between two vowels here when we connect it to the next word. So, that’s going to be a flap T. Hot as, hot as. You’ll notice I’m not saying ‘as’. I’m reducing the AA vowel to the schwa. -duz, -duz, -duz, hot as, hot as. Hades begins with the H consonant, has the ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ diphthong, Ha-, Ha-, then the D consonant, ee vowel, Z sound. Hades, Hades. Stress on the first syllable, so that should have more shape, whereas -des, -des, -des should be flatter and lower in pitch. Hot as Hades. Or, hot as hell. Hell with the H consonant, the EH vowel, and the dark L. Hell, hell. Now, being a stressed syllable, this word should have some shape: hell, hell, hell. Hot as hell.

One phrase my Mom likes to use is ‘hotter than blazes’. Hotter than blazes. So, the word ‘than’ here is being reduced just to the N consonant sound: hottern, hottern, hottern. Now the T in ‘hot’, turned into a flap T, or a D sound, because it’s coming between two vowels: hotter, hottern, hottern, hotter than blazes. Blazes with the BL consonant cluster, the ‘ay’ as in ‘say’ diphthong, and then Z, I, Z: -zes, -zes, -zes. Hotter than blazes.

You can also say it’s a scorcher. Scorcher: with the SK consonant cluster, sk, sk. The ‘aw’ as in ‘law’ vowel followed by the R consonant, scor-, scor-, and the second, unstressed syllable, the ch CH sound, schwa, R sound: -cher, -cher, -cher. Scorcher.You can also say it’s so hot, you could fry an egg on the sidewalk. Should I try it? I don’t think I will. Just seems like it might be kind of messy.

There are also words you can use to show quantity. It’s not just hot, it’s really hot. Or you can, it’s ridiculously hot. Or, it’s super hot. Or, in Boston / New England, you might hear: it’s wicked hot. So, when it’s the middle of July, and the end of summer seems very far away, and you’re already tired of the heat, you’re lucky that you have these phrases that you can use that are much more colorful than simply it’s hot to express your frustration. It’s hot as hell. It’s hotter than blazes. That’s it, and thanks so much for using Rachel’s English.It’s hot as hell. It’s hotter than blazes. Sirens are always ruining my take.

♦→  Weather, climate, & natural disasters  ⇓

disasters

•  Vocabulary … →[01]← / →[02]← / →[03]←→[04]← / →[05]← 

natural-disasters

•  Quizzes . . . →[01]← / →[02]←

•→ Volcanoes ⇐

•→ Hurricanes ⇐

•→ Tornadoes ⇐

•→ Earthquakes ⇐

•→ Tsunamis ⇐

¶  Do people sometimes use words in English that you don’t understand?  Watch this lesson to learn how you can improve your conversation skills and your vocabulary at the same time ↓ Then test yourself …(quiz) http://www.engvid.com/conversation-skills-learn-new-words/

environment
¤  Vocabulary . . .⇒[01] ⇔ [o2] ⇔ [03] ⇔ [o4][05] [06] ⇔ [07]⇐

•→Environment Verbs

•→eslflow.com/Passive_for_the_environment.pdf⇐[task]

•→espressoenglish.net/global-problems⇐

•→Quizzes, Games & Worksheets

environment

•→ 10 man-made disasters ⇐

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