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… _ ed

The (-ed) ending of regular past forms has  three  sound realizations: [-d]  [-t]  [-id], depending on the sounds just before it.

phonemes

• If the verb ends in a voiced phoneme, the ‘-ed’ ending sounds like [-d] 

• If the verb ends in a voiceless consonant (i.e.: no vibration of the vocal chords), then the ‘-ed’ ending becomes  [-t]  

• Neither [-t]  nor  [-d]  can be added to verbs ending in ‘-t’ or ‘-d’: it wouldn’t be perceptible. What we do, we add an extra syllable [-id] . This only happens with verbs ending in ‘-t’ («waited«) or ‘-d’ («needed«)

Θ  All the past forms that follow are one-syllable words. Notice that by mispronouncing these endings, you are causing serious trouble to the listener. You may be saying something like:
 
«Lock it» instead of  ‘locked’   [lɒkt]
«Stop it» rather than  ‘stopped»  [stɒpt]
«Pass it» instead of  ‘passed’   [past]
«Push it» rather than  ‘pushed’  [pu∫t]
«Stuff it» instead of ‘stuffed’   [stʌft]
«Watch it» rather than  ‘watched’   [wɔt∫t]

• Pronunciation of -ed endings →[01]← / →[02]← / →[03]← / →[04]←[quizzes]

. . .  -ed Pronunciation Matching Games:  ⇒[01]⇐ /  ⇒[02]⇐

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