diciembre 2018
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Silent letters

•→ https://mywords.cle.ust.hk/sir/silent_words.php ⇐

•→ QUIZ ⇐

Present & old habits

¤ Past simple for past habits & states :

The past simple is used to express habits and states that existed during a period of time in the past. This period can be implied or expressed with a time expression or a clause:

When I was a child, I visited my grandma every […]

Negation

♣ Negation (like asking) is one of the most difficult areas of English ↓

•→http://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/negation ⇔ Double Negatives⇐ ∇ Transferred Negation

When we express negative ideas with verbs like think, believe… we prefer to make the first verb negative instead of the second. We shift or transfer the negative from the […]

Ask questions

• Asking questions is another tricky area of English language. The Anglo-link video lesson may give you some insights ↓

⇓ Another video tutorial by Katie [Beta College of English]

◊ Intonation in questions ↓

•→ Question Tags – Intonation […]

Assertive vs Nonassertive forms

¤ Ways of saying . . . ‘YEP!’ ⇓

. . . ‘definitely‘ / ‘of course‘ / ‘sure‘ / ‘naturally‘ / ‘that’s right‘ / ‘I don’t mind if I do‘ / ‘by all means‘ / ‘you bet‘ / ‘you’re on‘ / ‘no problem‘ / ‘affirmative‘ / ‘absolutely‘ […]

Verb tenses & aspects

♣ English Tenses & Aspects . . . →[Basic]← / →[Int.]← / →[Advanced]←

∴ englisch-hilfen special table with all English tenses⇐

∞ Tense consistency … ⇒[QUIZ]⇐

Many learners get mixed up between these two expressions. Listen to Liliane’s free tutorial at Beta College of English ⇓

What’s important […]

The Future

English has several forms which express future events. The form we choose depends on how sure we are that something will happen, whether we want something to happen, or whether we are talking about ourselves or others. ASPECT is much more important than TIME.

⇒Predictions/Statements of fact/Intentions/Arrangements/Scheduled events⇐

[…]

Passive Voice

¤ ACTIVE & PASSIVE TENSES CHART… ⇒[01] ⇔ [02] ⇔ [03] ⇔ [04]⇐

We find an overabundance of the passive voice in sentences created by self-protective business interests, magniloquent educators, and bombastic military writers (who must get weary of this accusation), who use the passive voice to avoid responsibility for actions […]

Determiners & Predeterminers

Determiners are grammar words which come in front of nouns.

Click icon to open a chart with the correct collocations of such words →

Pay attention to the kinds of nouns they go with: countable (singular? plural?) or uncountable?

∞ Quantifiers: ⇓ (a) few, (a) little…

•→Quantifiers: fill in the gaps⇐

•→Determiners […]

Quantifiers

SPELLER

A →quantifier ← is a type of determiner, such as all or many, that indicates quantity.

These items have been argued to correspond to logical quantifiers at the semantic level.

Some Notes on Quantifiers ⇓ [http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu]

Like articles, quantifiers are words that […]

Reporting

A reporting verb is a word which is used to talk about or report on other people’s work. Reporting verbs can be used to great effect, but the difficulty with using them is that there are many, and each of them has a slightly different and often subtle meaning. . […]

Purpose & Result + Relative clauses

¤ FOR + -ing versus TO-infinitive ← ¤ Clauses of purpose

We use clauses of purpose to talk about people’s purposes, the reasons why they do things.

⇒ [quiz 01] ⇔ [quiz 02] ⇔ [quiz 03]⇐

⊗ The infinitive of purpose

The infinitive of purpose can only be used when […]

Homophones?

¤ Homonyms

Two or more words that have the same sound or spelling but differ in meaning.

Generally, the term homonym refers both to homophones: words that are pronounced the same but have different meanings, such as ‘row’ (Sp “remar”) and ‘row’ (Sp “fila”) and to homographs (words that are spelled […]

Adverbials

¤ Adverbs_of time ⇔ [quiz] ⇐

¤ Adverbs of frequency ↓ Position . . .

… always, usually, regularly, normally, often, sometimes, occasionally, rarely, seldom, hardly ever, never . . .

• before the main verb

Adverb of frequency Verb I always get up at 6.45. Peter can usually play football on […]

Prepositions

Prepositions ↑ from David Nicholson

‘ AT’ – ‘ON’ – ‘IN’

All these prepositions are used with expressions of both, time and place. Click below for collocations

• Prepositions of TIME←

Notice we tend to use ‘at‘ with clock times and special periods, […]

Phrasal Verbs

•→ Frequently used Phrasal Verbs ⇐ •→Dictionary of English Phrasal Verbs⇐

Φ Here’s a challenging exercise involving →PHRASAL VERB←

They have all been extracted from Frank Oz‘s most hilarious film ‘Death at a Funeral‘, a movie you can borrow from our library.

Have fun!

* * *

Many […]

Idioms

• Idioms galore in alphabetical order…⇒[01] ⇔ [02] ⇔[03] ⇔ [04] ⇔[05]⇐

⇓ •→ 10 Common English Idioms: Explained←

♦ Ten more ⇓

♦ Six expressions that bother ↓ Apparently Ashley

‘easy as pie’ / ‘expect the unexpected’ / ‘The customer is always right’ […]

The weather & the environment

• Vocabulary . . . →[01]← / →[02]← / →[03]← // ⇒[quiz]⇐

Picture dictionaries . . . ⇒[01] ⇔ [02]⇐

•→ The weather: an everyday topic [advanced] ¤ Patterns & structures ↓ “What’s the weather like?”

When we talk about the weather, at a very basic level, we can […]

Sports

• Vocabulary … [01] ⇔ [02] ⇔ [vid] ⇔ [vidquiz]⇐

•→Body movements←

A-K ⇐… Sports illustrated …⇒ L-Z

• Quizzes: →[01]← / →[02]←

∞ Guessing Game⇐[pairwork sports worksheet]

¤ Extreme sports⇐

Sports classified as […]

On the blower

⇒ Telephone English ⇐

∴ Telephone Language

∴ Phoning a company: ⇒[01] ⇔ [02] ⇔ [03]⇐

∴ Leaving a Message on an Answering Machine⇐

∴ Saying telephone numbers ⇐

∴ Spelling addresses ⇐

Φ Quizzes … ⇒[01] ⇔ [02] ⇔ [03] ⇔ [04]⇐

[…]